Brazil has a clean energy matrix and a tradition of investment in biofuels. There is a large potential for growth in solar and wind sources, which require public policies and technological solutions for challenges such as storage to guarantee availability in times of shortage.
Represented by Plinio Nastari from DATAGRO, the Brazilian biofuels sector presented the RenovaBio, developed by the Ministry of Mines and Energy and already approved by the National Congress. It is one of the components of a global policy of development for the modern bioenergy sector.
DECARBONIZATION OF TRANSPORT
Representatives from Germany, Brazil, Chile and Portugal met in Brasília, on December 6, 2017, to discuss the topic of decarbonization of transport, in another meeting from the series of Sustainable Future Dialogues, a partnership between the iCS and the Germany Embassy. The event counted with the partnership of the Institute of Energy and the Environment (IEMA) [Instituto de Energia e Meio Ambiente].
THE CONTRIBUTION OF BRAZIL
ROADS TO DECARBONIZATION
There was a consensus that the evolution for low carbon transport should be regionalized, counting on the broad participation of society and involving different sectors of the economy:
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION
Rationality in urban mobility and logistics, technological efficiency and new fuels.
CITIES AND MOBILITY
New concept of cities with a priority for pedestrians, active transportation and public transport and the integration between modals.
Investimento em terminais intermodais e logística para equilibrar a matriz modal do transporte de carga.
Integration between the transport and energy sectors in the search for low carbon solutions, which are compatible with regional energy matrices.
The economic aspects were discussed of the decarbonization of transport in countries such as Brazil, where the exploration and taxation of fossil fuels still plays a major role. Tax incentives were also debated for low carbon transport and energy and the possible effects of carbon pricing on the economy.
MOBILITY AND ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
The broad consensus of the meeting was about the urgency of new concepts of town planning and mobility. There is a need to make the transition to a model that reduces the need of motorized vehicles and stimulates active transportation that is integrated to the public transport system.
The focus of Portugal, according to José Gomes Mendes, Assistant Secretary of State and of the Environment and a member of the Alliance for the Decarbonization of Transport, is in long term, integrated solutions, combined with short term measures in all the sectors related with the neutrality of carbon. The country is part of the Global Transport Decarbonization Alliance, signed in Bonn, Germany, the COP23.
The Santiago Mobility Plan in Chile was designed and implemented during the municipal government of Carolina Tohá and has continued with the new administration. It prioritized public transport, pedestrians and the elimination of cars on main roads, with positive results for the quality of life in the city.
Juan Pablo Pizano, from the Empresa de Planejamento e Logística, considers that it is fundamental to characterize the demand for cargo transport. This is being performed in partnership with institutes such as the IPEA and the IBGE, in order to determine how these goods are flowing. These studies allow the determination of the priorities of the sector for decarbonization.
In the closing speech, Emair Ebeling, Director of the Department of Policy and Integrated Planning of the Ministry of Transport, Ports and Civil Aviation, emphasized that the main determinants for the decarbonization of transport are cultural change, policy integration and the change of the energy matrix, with respect to life and socio-environmental responsibility.
In Brazil, the transport sector is responsible for approximately 48% of the greenhouse gases emissions (GGE), compared to a world average of less than 30%, according to data presented by the IEMA. This makes transport a priority sector for the targets of reduction of GGE in the country. The target of the Brazilian Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) is 43% by 2030, which is ambitious for a developing country.
ex-Mayor of Santiago, Chile, and Co-President of the High Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport of the Secretary-General of the United Nations
WE CAN REPLACE THE DREAM OF THE FREEDOM TO DRIVE A BEAUTIFUL AUTOMOBILE BY THE DREAM OF MULTIMODALITY, OF FRIENDLIER MOBILITY AND GREATER CONTACT WITH THE SURROUNDINGS.
“The feet and the bicycle are the greatest symbol of the decarbonization of transport. The technology should contribute to reduce this deficit of public and active transportation as simple, cheap and democratic solutions for cities.”
bicycle activist and Coordinator of the Climate and Active Mobility Coalition
Senior Consultant, Agora Transportes
“Transport needs decarbonization in order to increase mobility”
Fotos: Hugo André Mesquita Gonçalves
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